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GRE常考600单词


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abacus    frame with balls for calculating
abjure             promise or swear to give up
abraded           rubbed off, worn away by friction
abrasion           rubbing, scraping, wearing off
abrogate          repeal or annul by authority
abundant          plentiful
abut              border on
abysmal           bottomless, extreme
acclaimed        welcomed with shouts and approval
accolade          praise, approval
accretion        the growing of separate things into one
acquisition       smth acquired, acquiring
adhere             remain faithful, stick fast to
adhesion          adhering, support
adjacent          lying near, next
admonitory         containing warning
adulteration     making unpure, poorer in quality
agile              active, quick-moving
ail                trouble; be ill
alacrity          eager and cheerful readiness
allegiance        duty, support, loyalty
amalgamate        mix, combine, unite societies
amendment        improving
amplify           make large or fuller, increase the strength
annul             put an end to
antidote          medicine used against a poison or a disease
apprehensive     grasping, understanding; fear, unhappy feeling about future
apt                well-suited, quick-witted
arboreal          of connected with trees
ardently          with full of ardour
ardour             enthusiasm
articulate         speak distinctly, connect by joints
ascend             go or come up
ascent             the act of ascending
ascertain          get to know
asset             valuable quality, smth that has money value
assuage            make smth (pain, desire) less
assumption         smth supposed but not proved
asterisk          the mark * (eg. omitted letters)
astringent         substance that shrinks 
astute             clever; quick at seeing to get an advantage
atonement          repayment; death of Jesus
audacious          daring, foolishly bold, impudent
augury             omen, sign
austere            severely moral and strict; simple and plain
aver               state positevly
aversion          strong dislike
avid               eager, greedy
balloon            swell out like balloon
balm              sweet-smelling oil; smth giving peace of mind; consolation
banal             uninteresting
band               flat, thin strip of material; group; range of frequences
barrage           artificial obstacle built across a river
barren             not good enough, unable to have young ones, without value
bask                in enjoy warmth and light
be irreconcilable          cannot be brought into harmony
belligerent       (person, nation) waging war
belligerently     waging war
bend              cause smth to be out of a straight line
benevolence       wish or activity in doing good
biased           prejudice
bigot             stubborn, narrow-minded person 
blandishment     flattery, coaxing
blandness          polite manner, comforting, uninteresting
blithe             gay and joyous
blueprint        plan, scheme, photographic print
boggle           be alarmed, hesitate, amazed
bogus             sham, counterfeit, not genuine
bolster            give greatly needed support
braid             strands of hair woven together, smth edging sloth or garments
breach           opening, broken place, breaking
brisk             active, lively
brisket           breast of an animal
brittle           easily broken
broach           begin discussion of, veer
burgeon           put out leaves, begin to grow
calipers          metal supports attached to the legs, measuring instrument
candid           frank, straight-forward
castigation       severe punishment
casual             happening by chance, careless
catalyst          substance that causes speeding up
census             official counting of the population
centurion          leader of a unit of 100 soldiers
chary             cautious, wary
chastisement       punishment
chisel           steel tool for shaping materials
churl             bad-tempered person
cite              give as an example
cleanse           make pure, thoroughly clean
clot              half-solid lump formed from liquid 
cloture           closing, device (in Parliament) to end a debate by voting
coalescing        coming together and uniting into one substance
coax              get smb to do smth by kindness
coddle             treat with care and tenderness
coerce             compel, to force to make obedient 
cogent           strong, convincing
cogitate          think deeply, mediate
cognition          knowing, awareness (emotionless)
colander          bowl-shaped vessel with many holes used to drain off water
collusion          secret agreement for a deceitful purpose
combustion         process of burning
commend            praise
commendable       worthy of praise
commuter          person who travels regularly
complacently     with self-satisfaction
complaisance     easy-going habit of mind
comply             act in accordance
compound          mix or combine
conceal           hide, keep secret
conceit           over-high opinion of, too much pride
conciliatory       intending to or likely to, peaceful
concord            agreement or harmony
concur             agree in opinion, happen together
condense          increase in density, strength, make laconic
congeal            make or become stiff and solid
connoisseur       a person with good judgement (eg. in art)
consent            give agreement or permission
consolation       consoling or being consoled
console           give comfort or sympathy to
consternation     surprise and fear,dismay
constrict          make tight or smaller
consume           get to the end of
contentious       quarrelsome
contiguous      touching, neighboring, near
contrite       filled with deep sorrow for wrongdoing
convoke         call together, summon
convoluted      complicated; coiled, twisted
cord            twisted strands
corporeal       physical; of or for the body
correlate       have a mutual relation
corroboration   additional, strengthening evidence
counterfeit    forgery
covetous       eagerly desirous
craven          cowardly
crease          line made by crushing; white line on the ground in criket
credulity       too great a readiness to believe things
credulous       ready to believe things
crush          press, lose shape, subdue, overwhelm
cryptic         secret, with a hidden meaning
cumbersome      burdensome, heavy and awkward to carry
dart            quick movement; missile in darts 
dawdler         person who is slow; waste of time
dearth          shortage
deference       respect
defiance       open disobedience or resistance
deflect         turn aside
deluge          great flood, heavy rush of water
demur          raise an objection
dent            hollow, depression mad by a blow
deposition      dethronoment, depositing
deprave         make morally bad; corrupt
derision       ridicule, mockery, deriding
derivative      derived, not original or primitive
descry          catch sight of, see smth in the distance
detach          separate
diatribe       bitter and violent attack in words
dilate          speak comprehensively, become wider, large
disabuse       free from false ideas, put right
discern         see with an effort but clearly
discourse       speech, lecture
dismal          sad, gloomy, miserable
disparate       essentially different
dissemble       speak or behave so as to hide smth (in mind)
dissent         have a different opinion, refuse to assent
dissipation    going away, dispersing
distinct       easily heard, seen, understood, clearly marked
distorted       pulled out of the usual shape, give a false account of
distraught      distracted, violently upset in mind
distraught      disracted; violently upset in mind
divergerence    getting farther apart from a point
divestiture    taking off, getting rid of, giving up
divulge         make known smth secret
dormant         in a state of inactivity but awaiting development
dote            show much fondness, center one's attention
drone          male bee, person who isn't self-employed
drowsiness      feeling sleepy, half asleep
dud             no use person, smth that fails
dupe            cheat, make a fool of
dwarf          person or smb much below the usual size
earthenware    dishes made of baked clay
ebullience      exuberance, outburst of feeling
eddy            circular or spiral movement (eg. of wind)
effrontery      shameless boldness, impudence
egress          way out, exit
elaborate       worked out with much care in great detail
eloquence       fluent speaking; skillful use of language
encomium       very high praise
endemic         epidemic
endorse         write one's name on the back of
enervate       cause to lose strength
engender       be the case of (eg. situation, condition)
engrossing      taken up all the time or attention; writing in large or formal
engulf          swallow up
enigma          smth that is puzzling
enzyme          catalyst
epistle         letter
equilibrium    state of being balanced
equivocal       having a double or doubtful meaning; suspicious
equivocate      put an end, get rig of
erode          wear away, eat into
erratic         irregular in behaviour or opinion
escalate       increase, develop
evaluating      finding out the value
evaporate       change into vapour, disappear, die
evoke          call up, bring out
evolve          unfold, develop naturally and gradually
exculpate       free from blame
exoneration    set smb slear, free (eg. from blame)
exorbitant      much too high or great
extant          still in existence
extinct         no longer active
extirpate       destroy utterly
extort          obtain by threats, violence
exuberance      state of growing vigorously; being full of life
facilitate      make easy (eg. a process of smth)
fallacy         false or mistaken belief
fatuous         without sense, foolish self-satisfaction
faucet          device for controlling the outflow of a liquid
fawn            young deer, try to win smb's favour by servile behaviour
feckless       futile, irresponsible, inefficient
feint          pretend
felon          person guilty of murder
ferment         substance; become excited
ferocity       savage cruelty
fertile         producing much, full of ideas
fertilize       make fertile or productive
fervid          showing earnest feeling
fervor          warmth of feelings; earnestness
fidelity       loyalty, accuracy
fidget          move restlessly, make nervous
figurehead      carved image on the prow of a ship
finite          limited, having bounds
flamboyant      brightly colored, florid
flammable       having tendency to burst into flames
flaunting       show off complacently
flaw            crack, lessen value
fledged         able to fly, trained, experienced
fleet          number of ships, quick-moving
fleeting       passing quaickly
flexibility    easily bent without braking
flinch          drow, move back, wince
florid          very much ornamented; naturally red (eg. of face)
flout          oppose, treat with contempt
fluster         make nervous or confused
foment          put smth (to lessen the pain), cause smth
foppish         like a man who pays too much attention to his clothes
forbear         refrain from, be patient; ancestor
ford            shallow place in a river (to cross)
forfeit         suffer the loss of smth
forge          workshop for the shaping of metal; to shape metal; lead
forgery         counterfeit
fortuitous      happening by chance
fragile         easily injured, broken or destroyed
fragrant       sweet-smelling
fret            worry; irritation; wear away
friction       the rubbing of one thing against another, difference of opinion
fringe          edge; ornamental border; part of hair over the forehead
frugal          careful, economical
fulmination    bitter protest
gainsay         deny, contradict
gambol          quick, playful jumping
garment         article of clothing
garrulous       too talkative
gaucherie       socially awkward, tactless bahaviour
gist            the point, general sense
glib            ready and smooth but not sincere
gloat over      look at with selfish delight
glut            supply to much, fill to excess
gossamer       soft, light, delicate material
gouge          tool for cutting grooves in wood
grave          serious, requiring consideration
grievance       cause for complaint or protest
grievous       causing grief or suffering
grooves         long channel in the surface, habital way of living
grovel          crawl, humble oneself
guile          deceit, cunning
gull            cheat, decieve
gullible       easily
hallow          make holy, regard as holy
hamper          basket with a lid, prevent free movement or activity
hapless         unlucky
harsh          rough, cruel, stern
heed            pay attention; notice
heresy          belief contrary to what is generally acceted
hoax            mischievous trick played on smb for a joke
hollow          not soled, witha hole
holster         leather case for a pistol
hone            stone used for sharpening tools
hurdle          light frame, fence to be jumped over
idolatrous      worshipping idols
immaculate      pure, faultless
imminent       likely to come or happen soon
impaired       damaged, weakened
impending       imminent, being about to happen, expected
imperative      urgent, essential
imperiousness   haughty, arrogant, commanding
impetuous       moving quickly, impulsive without care
impiety         lack of reverence or dutifulness
implausibility incredibility
implicate       show that smb has a share
implicit       implied though not plainly expressed
imply          make a suggestion
impromptu       without preparation
impudence       being rash, indisreet
impugned       challenged, to be doubted
inasmuch       since, because
inchoate       just begun, half-form state
incise          engrave, make a cut in
incite          stir up, rouse
inclined       directing the mind in a certain direction
incoherently    not consistently, unclearly
incongruous    out of place, not in harmony or agreement
incorrigibility cannot be cured or corrected
incumbents      official duties
incursion       sudden attack
indelible       that cannot be rubbed out
indigence       poverty
indigenous      native
indistinct      not easily heard, seen, clearly marked
inept          unskillful; said or done at the wrong time
infertile       not fertile, barren
infertility    being not fertile
infuse          put, pour, fill
inhibit         hinder, restrain
innocuous       causing no harm
insipid         without taste or flavour
insularity      being narrow-minded
intersperse    place here and there
intransigent    uncompromising
introspection   examining one's own thoughts and feelings
invective       abusive language, curses
inveigle       trick by using flattery, deception
inveterate      deep-rooted. long-established
irate          angry
ire             anger
irksome         tiresome
irrelevant      not relevant, not connected
irrevocable    final and unalterable
itinerary       plan for a journey, details or records of a route
jabber          talk excitedly; utter rapidly
lackluster      (of eyes) dull
lag             go too slow
latent          present but not yet active, developed or visible
laudatory       expressing or giving praise
lavish          giving or producing freely, liberally or generously
leakage         the process of leaking
lien            legal claim until a debt on it is repaid
limp            lacking strength, walking unevenly
loll            rest, to sit or stand in a lazy way; hang (dog's tongue)
loquacious      talkative
lubricant       substance that makes work easier
lubricate       put oil to make work easily
lugubrious      dismal, mourful; 
lull            become quiet or less active
luminary       star, light-giving body
macabre         gruesome, suggesting death
maladroit       tactless, clumpsy
malapropism    misuse of a word (for one that resembles it)
malign          injurious, speak ill of smb, tell lie
martial         brave, of associated with war
massacre       cruel killing of a large number of people
matriculation   be admitted, enter a university as a student
mature          come to full development, to a state ready for use
mendacious      false
mercurial       lively, quick-witted; inconsistent, changeable
meretricious    attractive on the surface but of little value
mischievous    harmful, causing mischief
miser          person who loves wealth and spends little
missile         smth that is thrown or shot
moderation      quality of being limited, not extreme
mollify         make calmer or quiter
molt            moult, lose hair, feathers before new growing
morbid          diseased, unhealthy (eg. about ideas)
morose          ill-tempered, unsocial
mortuary       place where dead bodies are taken to be kept until burial
mundane         wordly, ordinary, dull
negligent       taking too little care
noisome         offensive, disgusting (smell)
nonplussed      greatly surprised
noxious         harmful
numb            without ability to feel or move
numbness       without ability to move a finger
obdurate       stubborn, impenitent
obsequious      too eager to obey or serve
officious       too eager or ready to help, offer advice
opprobrious    showing scorn or reproach
ostentation    display to obtain admiration or envy
ostentatious    fond of
ostracism       shut out from society, refuse to meet, talk
ostrich         fast-running bird unable to fly
outset          start
overhaul       examine thoroughly to learn about the condition
overwhelm       weigh down, submerge
palpability    can be felt, touched, understood
palpitate       tremble, beat rapidly and irregularly
parenthesis    sentense within another one, smth separated
parsimonious    too economical, miserly
peccadillo      small sin; small weakness in one's character
penchant       taste, liking, inclination
penury          poverty
peremptory      not to be disobeyed or questioned
perennial       lasting for a long time (eg. a year)
perfidious      treacheres, faithless
perfidy         treachery; breaking of faith
perfunctory    done as a duty withour care
perjury         wilful fasle statement, unlawful act
pernicious      harmful, injurious
persevere       keep on steadily, continue
pertain         belong as a part, have reference
pest            destructive thing or a person who is nuisance
petulant       unreasonably impatient 
pied            of mixed colors
pinch          be too tight, take between the thumb and finger
pious          dutifull to parents; devoted to religion
pique          hirt the pride or self-respect, stir (curiosity)
pitfall         covered hole as a trap, unsuspected danger
pith            essential part, force, soft liquid substance
placate         soothe, pacify, calm
plaque          flat metal on a wall as a memorial
plea            request
plead          address a court of law as an advocate
plethora       glut
pliant          pliable, easile bent, shaped or twisted
plod            continue doing smth without resting
pluck          pull the feathers off, pick (eg. flowers)
plummet         fall, plunge, steeply
plunge          move quickly, suddenly and with force
poise          be ready, be balanced, self-possession
ponderous       heavy, bulky, dull
posture         state, attitude; adopt a vain
poverty         state of being poor
precept         moral instruction
precipitate    throw smth violently down from a height
precursory      peliminary, anticipating
predilection    special liking, mental preference
preempt         obtain by preemption or in advance
premature       doing or happening smth before the right time
presage         warning sign
pristine       primitive
procrastination keeping on putting off
prodigious      enormous, wonderful
profane         wordly, having contempt for God
profundity      depth
proliferate    grow, reproduce by rapid multification
prolix          tiring because too long
propagation    increasing the number, spreading, extending
prudence       careful forethought
prudish         easily shocked, excessively modest
prune          dried plum, silly person
prune          cut away part in order to control growth
pugnacious      fond of, in the habit of 
punch          strike with the fist; tool for cutting holes; alc. drink
pundit          pedant, authority on a subject
pungency       sharpness
pyre            large pile of wood for burning
quack          person dishonestly claiming to smth
qualm          feeling of doubt, temporary feeling of sickness in the stomach
qualms          feelings of doubt, sickness in the stomach
quell          suppress, subdue
quixotic       generous, unselfish
raconter       person who tells anecdotes 
rancorous       feeling bitterness, spitefulness
rapacious       greedy (esp for money)
recalcitrant    disobedient
recast          cast or fashoin anew
reciprocity    granting of privileges in return for similiar
recitals       a number of, performance of music
recluse         person who lives alone and avoids people
recuperate      become strong after illness, loss, exhaustion
redeem          get back by payment; compensate
refine          make or become pure, cultural
rejuvenation    becoming young in nature or appearence
relapse         fall back again
relinquish      give up
reluctant       unwilling or disinclined
renovate       restore smth to better condition
rent            regular payment for the use of smth, division or split
repine at       be discontented with
reproach       scold, upbraid
requite         repay, give in return
resilience      quality of quickly recovering the proginal shape
restive         refusing to move; reluctant to be controlled
resurrect       bring back into use
resuscitation   coming back to consciousness
reticent       reserved, in the habit of saying little
revere          have deep respect for
rift            split, crack, dissension
rivet          fix, take up, secure; matel pin
roll call       calling of names
rope            thick strong cord made by twisting
savant          person of great learning
savor          taste, flavour smth
sawdust         tiny bits of wood
scabbard       sheath for the blade
scent          smell (esp pleasant)
scurvy          diseased state of the blood caused by eating too much salt
seal            piece of wax, lead, etc stamped on the document
sedulous       persevering
sequence       succession, connected line of
serration       having a toothed edge
servile         like a slave, lacking independence
shaft          arrow or spear, smth long and narrow
shallow         little depth; not earnest
shard          piece of broken earthenware
sheath          cover for the blade of a weapon or a tool
shove          push
shrill          sparp, piercing
shun            keep away from; avoid
shunt          send from one track to another; lay aside; evade discussion
sidestep       step to one side
skiff          small boat
skit            short piece of humorous writing
slate          king of blue-grey stone; propose; critisize
sluggard       lazy, slow-moving person
sluggish       inactive, slow-moving
soar            rise, fly high
sober          self-controlled
sobriety       quality or condition of being sober
soggy          heavy with water
solvent         of the power of forming a solution
somatic         of the body
soot            black powder in smoke
sophisticated   complex, subtle, refined
sordid          wretched, comfortless, contemptible
spear          weapon with a metal point on a long shaft
specious       seeming right or true but not really so
squalid         dirty, mean
squander       spend wastefully
steeply         rising or falling sharply
stickler       person who insists on importance of smth
stigma          mark of shame or disgrace
sting          smth sharp
stingy          spending, using unwillingly
stipulate       state or put forward as a necessary condition
strands         smth twisted together into a rope, line of development
stray          wander, lose one's way
stygian         hence, dark, gloomy
subdue          overcome, bring under control
submerge       put under water, liquid, sink out of sight
suborn          indice by bribery or smth to commit perjury
subpoena       written order requiring a person to appear in a low court
sullied         to be stained or discredited
superfluous    more then is needed or wanted
supersede       take the place of
supine          inactive, lying flat on the back
susceptibility sensitiveness
sustain         keep from falling; maintain; suffer; give a decision
synopsis       summary or outline
taciturn       saying very little
talon          claw of a bird of prey
tamp            tap or drive down by repeated light blows
tarnished       lost brightness
taunt          contemptuous reproach, hurtful remark
tedious         tiresome
temperance      abstinence from alcohol, self-control, moderation
tenuous         thin, slender
terse          brief and to the point
thrift          care, economy, thriving, prosperous
timid          shy, easily frightened
tolerable       fairly good
tonic          smth giving strength or energy
topple          be unsteady and overturn
tortuous       full of twists and bends
tout            person who worries others to buy smth, to use his service
touting         act as tout
toy             think not seriously, handle absent-mindedly
tractable       easily controlled or guided
trend          tendency, general direction
trepidation    alarm, excited state of mind
turbulence      being uncontrolled, violent
underbid       make a lower bid then smb else
undermine       weaken gradually, at the base, make smth under
unfeigned       not pretended, sincere
unscathed       unharmed, unhurt
untoward       unfortunate, inconvenient
upbraid         scold, reproach
urbane          polite, elegant
vacillation    being uncertain, hesitating
vain            without use, value or result
valiant         brave
valorous       brave
vapor          stim, mist
veer            change direction
veneration      regard with deep respect 
veritable       real, rightly named
verve          spirit, vigour, enthusiasm
vex             annoy, distress, trouble
vigilance       watchfulness, self-appointed group who maintain order
vigilant       member of a vigilance committee
vilify          slander, say evil things
vindictive      having a desire to revenge
waft            scent, waving movement; carry lightly through
wage            payment, carry on, engage in (war)
warmonger       person who stirs up war
warrant         authority, written order, guarantee
wary            cautious
weave          make (threads) into cloth
weigh          measure hoe heavy smth is
whimsical       full of odd and fanciful ideas
wince          show bodily or mental pain


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